flora, fauna and the variety of landscapes Tantauco Park makes this park one of the natural treasures of our planet.
In this section you will find extensive information about geographic characteristics, local wildlife, forests and their ecological diversity.
Also we invite you to learn about the blue whale and its presence in the Gulf of Corcovado and Huafo.
Vegetation in southern Chiloé is exuberant and varied, characterized by tall
tree species. Parque Tantauco mainly comprises native forest, which covers
more than 90% of the total area. Dominant forest types include Valdivian,
Evergreen and Chiloé, followed by Guaitecas cypress forests and some
remnants of coastal Olivillo. Wetlands and peatlands are also very important,
since the Park is home to one of the greatest bogs on Chiloé.
The chief tree species include the coastal Olivillo (Aetoxicum punctatum),
Canelo (Drimys winteri), Hazel (Gevuina avellana), Arrayán (Myrceugenia apiculata),
Guaitecas cypress (Pilgerodendron), Coigue (Nothofagus dombeyi), Tepu (Tepualia
stipularis) and Meli (Amomyrtus meli), among many others. These species are
accompanied by dense underbrush of Chusquea quila, Lianas, ferns, Coicopihue (Philesia
magellanica), mosses and lichens.
While exploring Tantauco, you will be amazed by the biological diversity
resulting from an exodus of species from northern Chiloé, due to the
degradation of the existing ecosystems and the movement of agricultural
In light of this fact, conserving and preserving the environment for various
species that are currently endangered or vulnerable is extremely important.
Endangered species include the Huillin otter (Lontra provocax), the Chilean
shrew opossum (Rhyncholestes raphanurus), the Darwin's Frog (Rhinoderma
darwinii), the Chiloe fox (Pseudalopex fulvipes) and the blue whale (Balaenoptera
Park landscape and topography
Parque Tantauco's diverse geography is characterized by glacial fluvial
deposits that have generated large areas of wetlands and peatlands, of great
importance in the water regime of this territory. Dozens of lakes form
wetlands where migratory birds arrive each year to build their nests. The large
lakes in the northern part of the park (Yaldad-Chaiguata-Chaiguaco) create a
very important lake system for Chiloé Island. Large cypress trees are found in
the central area of the park, some of which burned down during a large fire
in the 1940s. Toward the western coast, cypress forests in pristine condition
reappear, and a dense evergreen forest is protected by a large coastal range
with peaks that reach 400 m.a.s.l.
Parque Tantauco covers 118,000 ha of land, which includes 154 km of
coastline. Some of this shore opens onto the Gulf of Corcovado, with
beautiful, sandy beaches facing south. This area host the nascent Coastal
Marine Area Multipurpose (CMA_ multiple uses), which will oversee
planning and use of maritime territory in the Gulf of Corcovado and form an
administrative body to ensure all stakeholders comply with regulations.
On the northwest coast of the park is Caleta Zorra, a large, sheltered bay that
is accessed by one of Parque Tantauco's trails.
We invite you to review our map and wander around Parque Tantauco
The blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) - the biggest animal in the world at 30
meters long and 100 tons - is in danger of extinction. During the first decades
of the 20th century, over-exploitation reduced its population to less than 3%
of the original total in the Southern Hemisphere.
Thanks to the exuberant biodiversity of southern Chiloé, these whales have
returned to the shore of Parque Tantauco, where they find large quantities of
Today, the Chilean coast is one of the privileged places for watching them,
and one of Parque Tantauco's challenges is that as many people as possible
are able to be close to these amazing cetaceans.
References available in the Publications section, on www.ccc-chile.org and
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